The American aviation authority FAA reported for the nine months from November 2014 until including August 2015 total 764 cases where unmanned aerial vehicles to near commercial aircraft or other civilian aircraft. 85 cases are in an average month. In Europe, it is not so bad.
But it’s bad enough: Britain alone counted by 2015 according to the UK civil aviation authority CAA (civil aviation authority) a total of 40 such approaches 2014 there were only nine. Americans and Britons expect sharply rising numbers for the future.
Risk of collision, almost always in approximity of airports
Also, not all drones fly deep as about an incident in December 2015, as a commercial aircraft approached a such unmanned aircraft to 8000 feet (2438 m). The list of 21 meetings in the period from September 2015 to end of February 2016 marked as “dangerous”, presented by the CAA lists seven cases where the encounters for drones high altitude took place. This is, after all, one-third of the total.
Daniel Gurdan, Managing Director of ascending technologies, controls a flight system (drone) with photo camera on the 04.05.2011 in Krailling near Munich (Bavaria). The chip giant Intel for drones relies on technology from Germany. The US-based Group acquires the company of ascending technologies in Krailing near Munich, developed the small aircraft including autopilot software.
Divided according to the place of the meeting 14 cases accounted for the greater of five London airports, three times it was in Manchester, once each in Leeds and Southampton. The two remaining cases relate to an air force base and a smaller aviation landing field.
Approach differs greatly from case to case
When on 17 April this year a drone and an incoming from Geneva, to land-use Airbus A320 from British Airways actually collided, the least damage continued. The drone had struck only the fuselage of the aircraft and was not to have been sucked in by one of the two engines.
Because a drone in the engine had destroyed not only the motor, but endanger the safe landing of the machine. The Airbus was investigated after the incident and quickly released for flight operations. The UK air accident authority, UK air accidents investigation branch, but inbound deals with this incident.
The other 20 cases of the CAA list not occurred in a collision. The largest approach brought together up to six meters drone and aircraft.
Narrow range of possible safeguards
The British pilots Association BALPA demands the immediate flag duty for all drones. Only the owner of the drone was to decide. The American aviation authority FAA has already recently introduced mandatory indicator for all drones weighing more than 250 g and less than 25 kg. Anyway other rules that include the flag duty apply to drones with a higher weight than 25 kg.
A similar identification system such as the one the Americans is sought from the side of British politics and as quickly as possible. The British air traffic control wants more. Your goal is that even very small drones constantly emit signals, so they are making visible on the computers of the air traffic controllers around the airports at close range. Thus commercial aircraft could be causes by air traffic controllers in case of danger to evasive action.
The dangerous approaches of unmanned missiles at commercial aircraft almost invariably playing in near to airports. This is because that the small drones, which it regularly is, flying mostly low. The manned aircraft but approaching the altitude of the drones usually only when they start or end up.
While there are so-called no-fly zones around airports and airbases. Not everyone who flies a drone adheres to this restriction of the drone operations but.