The Future of U.S. Space Industry is in Private Sector
In Colorado Springs held 32 Space Symposium. Discusses on new space missile technologies, particularly in the context of developing the private segment. Whether the coming years will bring the long-awaited and much needed revolution in this area?
The American space industry found itself in quite a difficult situation, because taking out the satellites into orbit and to supply the international space station is monopolized by the United Launch Alliance (ULA), which is formed by Boeing (Delta Rocket Family) and Lockheed Martin (the Atlas rocket family). The use of the services is not only very costly but also do not like the U.S. Congress, because the launchers Atlas III and Atlas V use Russian RD-180 engines. Due to the high price of the drive units and the political situation of the HIVE must find their own engines and is the time until the end of 2019. At this point comes into play, the private sector, represented by the company SpaceX, Blue Origin Aerojet and Rocketdyne. The first two will not only build your own reusable launchers, but also engines.
Space Industry is in Private Sector
Today individuals can do a better job than U.S. Agency. NASA are you not in shame? SpaceX Dragon rockets-start.
It seems that the leader leads a SpaceX, which already has supply flights to the international space station, and modified Dragon capsule will be soon ready for boarding passengers. The company has been working at the same time on the reusable rocket, which will drastically reduce the cost of flights to orbit. It will be of course a major competition for the hive, but all the effort in it. We know that nothing like this will not affect the progress of as competition.
Not only the HIVE must face the competition. SpaceX snapping at the heels of Blue Origin Jeff Bezos, who already has several successful takeoffs and landings of reusable rockets. Not only that, the company is very much involved in the work on the motor BE-4 for the hive. Her unit is scheduled to be ready by the end of 2019 and unique due to the fuel-liquid oxygen and methane, that will generate £ 550. Liquid methane is not only cheaper, but also in a lesser extent polluting engine. Once NASA was undeniable leader of the space sector – today it is not.
On a slightly more conventional type of drive unit for the rocket works Aerojet Rocketdyne. The company declares that its engine AR1 uses common rocket fuel, will be ready by the end of 2019. Analysts predict that her rivalry with Blue Origin will focus on: cost vs reliability. Aerojet engine Rocketdyne will be certainly more expensive in production and operation, but it may prove to be more reliable. For now, however these are only speculations.
SpaceX develops an entity called Raptor, which will enable the orbital flights and long space travels. Like BE-4, the engine will be powered by liquid oxygen and methane. There even a preview that will check up on Mars, because methane can receive from raw materials available. Prototype version should be ready by the end of 2018. So you can bet that ready to debut later from competing AR1 and Beriev BE-4.
During the Symposium also addressed the topic of 3D printers in constructing the space rocket engines. This innovative technology has already benefited from SpaceX. In the rocket Falcon 9 we find, in fact, the element responsible for the flow of oxygen to the engine, which was made just for the printer.