Ocean

Nuclear Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines (1953)

What the Russians was up to durring cold war we will never know. There are places in the world, the existence of which we learned only after the end of the cold war. Carefully hidden from spy satellites, aircraft, separated from the world and prying eye. This base is the TOP of military secrets.

Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines
Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines

One such is “Baikal Hollow” in the side of a mountain a secret database of Soviet submarines. It was build under order of the Joseph Stalin (comunist leader from past milenium). What was the main purpose of the military base? To survive a nuclear attack. Then strike back on americans.

During the cold war, the threat of an outbreak with nuclear conflict hung in the balance. Both the United States and the Soviet Union participated in the fierce of arms race trying to constantly balance their atomic arsenals. Circulating on spy satellites in military countries among other things to capture.

Looking for place to deployment  nuclear warheads. This is why both a lot of powers to invest in the expansion of the fleet of submarines capable of carrying warheads. The ships had to be somewhere for serviced to maintain and also hide and protect in the event of an attack. Both parties have on the cost secret bases. Therefore, even hammering channels for submarines in the rocky slope was not the problem. In 1953, issued the order to find a suitable location and build a secret military nuclear facility.

Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines
Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines

The choice fell on the Crimean Bałakławę. She has ideal geographical position. It was located near Sevastopol, the main base of the Black Sea fleet, and the nearby narrow Bay, in no way suggested that it might be a sizable military complex. The location also facilitated defense bases, and also protect the water entrance to the object before the storms.

Represents the work that continued well after the death of Stalin. In 1957, it has been decided that the Bałakława has to disappear with all the maps, and the village itself became a closed town.

Built by the Russians the base had a total of over 1.5 km of sewers with a depth of about 9 meters and a width of 12 to 22 meters. Suing it to hide from eight to fourteen submarines (depending on the class and the size of the unit).

Hammering in the wall of the base, as well as on the Interior had to ensure that will survive detonation of a nuclear payload with power up 100 kilotonnes (ten times Hiroshima explosion). Not surprisingly, the walls together with rocks which is until 120 meters thick.

Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines
Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines

The Division of submarines, Balkal satation was also a storehouse of nuclear weapons. Among other things, it is for this reason, whereas special precautions. For example, a reverie to transported only at night and only by water.

3000 soldiers guarding 14 submarines and nuclear warheads

The base is designed so that a maximum of self-sufficient. Shelter can accommodate up to 3000 people, and infrastructure and equipment allow to survive the lessons learned to use for many months after the nuclear explosion. Some publications are saying about even three years.

Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines
Post-Cold-War Secret Base for Soviet Submarines

The end of the history of the base connects directly with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Bałakława functioned as a military object to the beginning of the 90s of the last century. Then they started to export it nuclear weapons and secret equipment.

Post-Cold-War Secret Nuclear Warehouse

Because as a result of the dissolution of the USSR Balakal was Ukraine’s borders. Unlike many other former military objects of the same object was not, however, forgotten and not wasting away somewhere on the forgotten side of the world. Decorated in it generally available. You can explore the remains of the installation, or items related to the history and development of the Soviet and Russian submarines.

One of the most interesting exhibits are miniature underwater mines, which were supposed to stop the enemy team divers. What will be moved to the local Museum and the remnants of the base are not known.