NASA has now presented their strategy, how she want to bring the first astronauts to Mars in the coming decades. Before people can live there permanently and work, quite a few problems need to be tackled. Roadmaping Mars will be done in three steps.
NASA Roadmap Mars plans in form of time-bubble.
ASA’s recent strategy paper comes from Washington, D.C., the headquarters of the American space agency. The permanent settlement of Mars is the ambitious goal and that is a challenge indeed, but it is doable, the NASA strategists think. They want to proceed in three steps: by the international space station (ISS) from it’s in the space between the Earth and the Moon, where on the asteroid to be captured. Finally, the 2030 years, Mars dwellings be built where people can live and work.
Asteroid will be collected and placed in a lunar orbit
Begins the first phase of the journey to Mars on the ISS and here is so the first challenge, would have to be, because of the continued existence of the ISS secured after the NASA plan at least until 2024. This can be done only with international partners.
Finally, the United States currently on are instructed that their astronauts with the Russian Soyuz capsules to earth are brought back because they themselves have no appropriate means of transportation for this. On the space station technologies should be tested in terms of the travel to Mars, which are essential for human health, including that which is a key factor on a long journey to Mars.
Next phase of the research is done in the space between Earth and the Moon
In a next step to trying to stop himself for training purposes primarily in the space between Earth and the moon. This particularly concerns transport systems like the space launch system SLS, which currently is built and which is particularly powerful and can send probes further than hitherto in the all.
In this phase is “asteroid redirect mission” (ARM), a mission in which a small, a few meters away of large chunks of an asteroids in near-Earth orbit to be collected. From there should be put into a lunar orbit, where he serves as the target for manned missions, for example to test new spacewalk techniques and dealing with sample material.Use of materials on site, rather than to bring them from the Earth,
It is only a matter of time before the first people to enter the Mars. NASA has now unveiled its travel plans with timetables.
Finally, from the years 2030, is the journey to Mars. In its orbit, but later also on its surface. For the dwellings required NASA had written a competition recently, where it was explicitly requested that 3D should be used.
Energy on Mars is also a major issue, as well as the so-called in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) at the on-site existing materials are used, instead of having to bring them from the Earth.
Strategy paper is a political declaration of intent
“We were never up closer, to send American astronauts to Mars, as at this pointing our history”, says Charles Bolden, retired astronaut and since 2009administrator of NASA plans. In addition to the scientific problems yet to be solved, the travel plans of NASA but also on the political stage will challenge -nationally and internationally. NASA Roadmap Mars Therefore, the strategy paper of NASA is also a political declaration of intent.
In the next few weeks, Bolden will have to fight for support in the U.S. Congress: that the NASA Roadmap Mars mission can be no American alone, know also the NASA. It is uncertain whether the deputies and senators in the Congress of the pioneering spirit that is often cited in the paper carried.