Science

LHC Scientists discovered an unknown, extremely heavy particle

Scientists at the European Organization for nuclear research (CERN) are intrigued. Could it be they registered the breakdown of new, unknown particles, the heaviest of all the previously known? May show the data from two independent experiments. For now, however, nothing certain, and an interesting result may be just as well off the cuff.

Data from two experiments conducted by Sandberger-ATLAS and CMS-spend the dream physicists. In the two listeners independently collected because data that may indicate the existence of an unknown particles. This would be not only particle not yet unknown, but the heaviest. Its mass shall be 750 GeV (GeV to 1 billion electron volts). This new particle would be more than 4 times heavier than the current record holder. the top Quark, as well as six times heavier than the Higgs boson and 800 times more massive than the proton.

For now, scientists are reticent in joy and have not decided on the announcement of the discovery. You may, indeed, find that the results gathered in the listeners is only the work of the case-normal staff turnover. Waiting for their many months of data collection-before remains to be seen how these intriguing data properly interpret.

About what exactly has been observed at CERN, tells the participant experiment CMS at CERN Kathy with the National Center for nuclear research in spruce. The specialist explains that in an accelerator the LHC collide speeded up bundles of protons. Last year the energy of these collisions reached 13 TeV. So you can say that if all of the energy is converted into mass, according to the equation E = mc2, when a collision of two protons could produce 7 thousand anty-protons.

In the interaction with such high energies can be particles, which cannot be obtained from other experiences. These particles decay quickly on other, more environmentally friendly and well known scientists, recorded in the listeners at the LHC. Here also begins with “reverse engineering” from the traces after impact, the physicists are trying to recreate what could happen before the collision.

And so scientists are looking for eg. the event, which could receive large particle mass, which then split into only two photons at high energies. Then you can relatively easily deduce that the mass had decaying particle.

Dr. Mountain tells the scientists the weight of such subsequent “reconstituted” of particles is not unusual on one chart. If the experiment does not happen anything especially interesting, the graph is smooth (make it the law of statistics). However, if the collisions were some unusual particles, the chart appears “hump”.

And that’s something the shape of such a hump on the chart appeared in both the experiments ATLAS and CMS, weighing 750 GeV. “These experiments have shown that there is a surplus in the distribution of the mass of the two photons,” said dr.

To the sensation that we have found something entirely new, still far. For now, the results gathered in this and the previous year are on the border of what can be considered a new effect. However, these are guidelines, that there might be something interesting, that it is worth to watch-comments on dr. Granted, that you will have to wait for more results. Then you may find that the “hump” on the graph disappears, overwhelmed by the background noise. If the new particle really exists-there is nothing to fear, the hump will still appear.

Current models suggest that a new heavy particle, if it exists at all-is a boson, and so this type of particles that move. Dr. Mountain speculates that the impact may be so weak that it’s never been tested.

Investigators do not exclude also, that the new particle could be the first of a new class of particles of large masses. “The Problem may be that the more particles from this class might be too heavy for us to be able to at all in the LHC” scientist. Hard, however, sticks to the opinion that there is no need to multiply entities: first you need to confirm whether this new large particle exists at all.