Beginning of 2016 will start in Japan with the construction of the world’s first power plant, using bamboo as a fuel. Electricity for first up to 5000 homes will be created with this domestically abundant natural energy source then a year later additional few modules
A second plant will quickly follow the Japanese operator according to. Aim is the technology of German know-how is used for, inter alia, to sell to other Asian countries.
Japanese “Burning Grass” Massively Produce Electrical Power to provide Electricity for around 5000 households.
Fujisaki electric power plant operator from Tokushima prefecture in Western of Japan located 15.8 to generate million kilowatt hours (kWh) per year and thus provide 4,860 households with electricity.
Local bamboo, which grows in the vicinity of the power plant, will be used for. “In the long-term we hope to sell our technical experience with this system to other countries in Asia,” explains ERI Futana from Fujisaki Electric’s managing directors board. The Japanese company is working together with the German specialist for biomass power plants Lambion Energy Solutions GmbH, based in Bad Arolsen.
High potassium content as an obstacle
So far, the burning of bamboo was problematic because of the high potassium content of the plant to burn makes firm clot which are fixed on the walls of furnaces and damaged it. Fujisaki together with succeeded Lambion to develop a technique with which this issue is bypassed. Fujisaki wants to invest a total equivalent to about €18 million for the construction of the plant.
Bamboo due to fast growth even in the Guinness Book of records
There are many impressive advantages of bamboo usage. Compared to other types of wood, the bamboo scoring to the plants of the grass family has a shorter life cycle and reproduce itself without the use of fertilizers. Among the bamboo in the Guinness Book of world records as one of the fastest-growing plants in the world can be found.
Some kinds of bamboo grow up to 91 cm a day. Bamboo can be harvested after about three years, and the harvesting of bamboo trees leaves no soil damage. Furthermore, it is impressive that bamboo produces several times the amount of biomass in comparison to traditional hardwood and soft wood. Finally, bamboo is considered a more interesting materials and increasingly gaining importance in modern sustainable architecture.
New feed-in tariffs promote small biomass power plants
Japan now clearly more attention than in the past the use of biomass and promoting the biomass electricity generation with single feed guarantees fixed remuneration rates. Since recently, including smaller plants promoted more. So up to 2 MW with a separate feed-in tariff will receive approximately 30 cents of per generated kilowatt hour since July 1 this year of biomass power plants with a capacity. The economy Ministry sets rates for now 6 biomass electricity instead of 5 different types in Tokyo.
Importance of biomass as an energy source is increasing
In South and East Asia, the importance of biomass as an energy carrier is growing fast now. These countries are particularly fertile due to its geographical location and Asia emerges increasingly as a large potential market for new technologies to energy recovery of residual products.
In addition to the use of harvest waste such as rice straw, bagasse – the remains of sugar cane exploitation – and bamboo leaves, special energy crops are grown increasingly on otherwise not usable land.