Engineering

Japan Produce Kerosene from Algae as Biofuel for Jet Engines

Japanese airlines currently make greater efforts to contribute to the CO2 reduction in the air transport sector. Thus, all Nippon Airways (ANA) sees the fuel of the future for commercial aircraft in from algae. Kerosene wants to win in against Japan Airlines (JAL). Fuel is mainly made from garbage.

In 2005 the bio-venture Euglena from Tokyo University headed by Mitsuru Izumu. First team of researchers cultivate the microscopic scourge alga Euglena artificially in large scale. These algae used as food additive in biscuits and other food products as well as cosmetics.

ANA wants to fly “Bio” on Kerosene

ANA currently accelerated efforts in the use of biofuels in cooperation with Euglena significantly. In Euglena is planning a larger pilot plant for three billion yen, or approximately €23.4 million for the production of kerosene from algae in Yokohama in the vicinity of Tokyo. There 125 000 l biofuel was produced by 2018 on the year. Euglena wants to then build a first plant with an annual production capacity of 50 million litres by 2020.

Japan Produce Karosene from Algae as Biofuel for Jet Engines
Bio fuel wants to win Japan Airlines (JAL), mainly from garbage. Photo: Bloomberg

The algae Euglena has a lot to offer. Kerosene production lines are already made.

The scourge alga Euglena – also known as the eye creatures – has characteristics of plants and animals. So has chloroplasts, which she can move into their cells.

The single-celled organisms of Euglena is also able to produce an oily substance that is very similar to kerosene by nature, because it is extremely lightweight and high quality. Euglena has no cell walls in contrast to other types of algae, so that the oily substance can easily be extracted.

kerosene biofuel for jet engines biofuel for jets euglena
The scourge alga Euglena possesses characteristics of plants (E.g. chloroplasts) and characteristics of animals (such as the absence of a cell wall).

JAL is currently building the first own pilot plant in Chiba Prefecture to convert household waste into bio fuel and cooperates with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and Toyo Engineering.

The new facility is to transform hydrogen and carbon monoxide, generated during the waste at a plant in Chiba, with the help of catalysts in fuel. The new fuel to come in sufficient quantities for flights to the Olympic Games in Tokyo by the year 2020.

Improved strains for seaweed cultivation in kerosene production from algae based biofuel for jets

Generally to increase the efficiency of algae work now in Japan regardless of the efforts by ANA breeding improved strains. A Japanese bio-venture company, which was launched by one of the leading machine manufacturers of in the country, aims at the commercialization of Enomoto algae improved strain of Botryococcus.

This tribe multiplied a thousand times faster than the traditional versions. This alga is resistant to unwanted bacteria and can be cultivated outdoors, which would significantly reduce the cost.