Universe

India 2 tons shuttle goes on 70 km high in just a few minutes

Indian Space Agency ISRO May 23 has tested its own reusable rocket ship shuttle. This extraordinary results making NASA looks like incompetent animators.

ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is already long time research and development on their own reusable spaceship. These works are divided into stages, one of which involved will test drive type Scramjet (Scramjet Propulsion Experiment, SPEX). The other stages are experimenting with flights hiper sonic (Hypersonic Flight Experiment, HEX), landings (Landing Experiment, LEX) and return flights (Return Flight Experiment, REX). The system has to be based on two-stage access to orbit.

India Space Program has Two Stages

Launched just a vessel carry out the mission. It was sent on a trajectory suborbital reusable demonstrator vehicle RLV-TD (Reusable Launch Vehicle – Technology Demonstrator). The ship has a mass less than two tonnes, is long on 6.5 meter and it can take up to about 70 kilometers high.

To boost the RLV-TD was holding at the start of a mass of 9 tonnes of rocket HS9 for solid fuel. The place of take-off was spaceport Satish Dhawan Space Center. After 90 seconds, the space shuttle was already more than the majority of atmospheric gases at an altitude of 70 kilometers above the Earth.

After the rockets fell into the Bay of Bengal, while the space shuttle lifted the nose above the horizon, in a known mission of U.S. Space Shuttles. On the friction of the molecules of the atmosphere over time has been issued covering vehicle composed of 600 resistant to high temperatures.

Engineers gathered in this way, information on the characteristics of the flight, which will in effect to confirm the high efficiency of the developed structure. Demonstrator technology in the framework of the Mission of the HEX is not assumed return on land and land on the Strip, so after the flight records space shuttle crashed on the waters of the Bay of Bengal.

At the mission from takeoff to break down in the waters to the East of India, about 20 minutes, conducted five experiments, including: validation of aerodynamic characteristics of whole structure at the time of the hipersonic speed determination of the forces affecting the structure during reentry, the recovery of the remains of the vehicle from the sea, the determination of the efficiency of carbon fiber (present on the nose), and a demonstration of the correctness of separation of the rocket from the space shuttle.

Noticeably item recovered from the water by breaking the structure was not ultimately included in today’s mission of the RLV-TD. Keep in mind that the Indian project space shuttle was originally intended to be demonstrated in 2009. Reality verified however, these plans, and the Agency ISRO for more priority commercial rocket its flights implementation considered loads.