Google wants to 2016 to provide Indonesia with Internet from the air: in the island country, the IT giant launches the Loon project (“Internet via Balloons”). Supplying Internet with giant balloons floating on the stratosphere is most effective way.
The three largest Indonesian mobile phone operators join at the national practice test. Currently about 60% have no network access in over 240 million people Indonesia. The land consists of about 17,000 islands. They are partially covered by jungle or mountains what makes this areas highly inaccessible. Therefor establishing fiber-optic cable or even wireless radio anthems is really difficult.
We need 300 balloons said Mike Cassidy, Divisional Director at project Loon, the BBC: “We hope that we can build our first ring around the world next year and then have a permanent cover for certain regions.”
Google Free Internet Balloon Floating hotspots is 20 km height
The hot air balloons are floating Wi-Fi hotspots. Equipped with three radio transmitter and transmitters. At 20 km altitude, they move with the stratospheric winds. Twice as high as flying planes and with the naked eye is barely visible. If a balloon is pushed by the wind in an outdoor area, another comes to take his place.
Balloons send inquiry to the ground station
The idea behind the balloon-based Internet is awesome: he wants a user about retrieve mails, communicates with one of the balloons. This sends the job request to the next and so on – until the request reaches a ground station, which connects to the Internet.
She delivers the requested data with a transmission speed of 10 MBit per second then back to the user. Now, Google has optimized its technology as far as that each balloon wirelessly transfer data on over 100 km.
For more than four years, the company Google, now called alphabet works in his research lab Google X on the Internet balloon. Since 2013 run tests in New Zealand, Australia and Brazil.
In the United States low flying Hellium balloon came across a power line, Nearby village for a while had no electricity. And one crashed into the sea in New Zealand and what initially thought to be a crashed plane.
A balloon can stay on earth for up to half a year
Meanwhile, the balloons are controlled not only better, but with more robust. Made of several layers of a thin plastic material on the basis of polyethylene. The usual night temperatures of minus 80 ° C in the stratosphere are no problem.
Mike Cassidy, the balloons 187 days can stay up, so about half a year. No comparison to the beginning: Since there had been only five to ten days. To bring Internet to rural and remote regions of the world, Google is also on drones