The planned Russian European mission, Luna 27 to 2020 land an unmanned probe on the South Pole of the moon. Water ice is suspected in this explored territory. In Moscow, it was said that the mission should be a first step for building a permanent base.
The Russian and the European Space Agency want to take again the Moon in the visor and are planning a joint mission by 2020. The South Pole, the so far little is known about, where water ice is suspected but that is the goal of Luna 27. If there is the hoped-for resources, this might be a place for a permanent alien colonization.
South Pole is the result of a massive impact and main reason for Europe-Russia Plans to Colonize the Moon
Up to an earthly outpost on the Moon, the way is long, expensive and difficult, but the Russians show days determined to get him this. Also the ESA wants to be as a “Junior Partner” If in five years will land an unmanned probe on the edge of the South Pole-Aitken basin. The area is poorly understood, but very exciting, also with regard to a future lunar base.
The South Pole-Aitken basin is the result of a massive impact with a celestial body. It is the largest crater on the moon with a diameter of over two kilometres and a depth of the crater by up to 13 km. There are there areas to sunlight, which is required for the power supply, as well as permanently shaded valleys close to the pole.
Moon as a test bed for future Mars missions
These regions are among the coldest places in the solar system and in them water ice, which was probably brought from external sources, could have kept up until today. Other chemicals they suspect on the lunar surface that could be used for rocket engines, hoping James Carpenter, who Luna 27 for the European Space Agency, ESA is responsible for the project.
The Russian Agency of Roskosmos wants to build on a Soviet program from the 1970s with the new mission. In the meantime came our next-door neighbor as a space target out of fashion, but that has changed in recent years. There is new evidence for the presence of water and minerals, which make possible a human settlement. The outpost on the moon would also serve the important purpose, that he would be suitable as a test bed for future missions to Mars.
ESA shall contribute to landing system, will also setup Labolatory
Specifically for the mission Luna 27 wants to develop a new landing system ESA, with the target area can be controlled extremely precisely. The system is called “Pilot” and can scan with cameras and a laser system, the terrain on approach, to decide whether a safe landing is possible.
The Europeans should also contribute the drill, which is to drill two meters deep into the surface and collect specimens very hard, icy. Specimen, so the scientists suggest would be probably harder than reinforced concrete, so that the drill would have to be similarly strong. And finally the ESA would provide the Mini Lab ProSPA for the mission. The laboratory should look for the ingredients on the surface, that future astronauts water, oxygen, fuel, and other important materials can produce and use for a permanent dwelling.
Whether the ESA actually is participating in the mission, to be decided 2016 at the next ESA Ministerial Conference. The German ESA Director Johann-Dietrich Wörner has already spoken for a permanent settlement of the moon. At the end, everything could be a question of budget.