Science

Eco-friendly Material High-Tech Applications

Algae can Bob out much more than in the pond: you turn out to be some worldwide as a perfect base Eco-friendly Material High-Tech Applications. These are 5 of the most perplexing signatures.

Algea as Eco-friendly Material for High-Tech Applications

1 Algae to produce oil for bio-fuel

DENSO will produce algae biofuels. The auto parts supplier belonging to the Toyota Group 2016 takes a test centre in Amakusa in Western of Japan in operation. 1 algae to produce oil for bio-fuel

Factory built by Isuzu bus with algae-based biodiesel.
Factory built by Isuzu bus with algae-based biodiesel.

DENSO will produce algae biofuels. The auto parts supplier belonging to the Toyota Group 2016 takes a test centre in Amakusa in Western of Japan in operation. Three breeding ponds will start mass production of the species of algae Pseudochoricystis ellipsoidea. It produces of oil which is similar to light mineral oil by means of photo synthesis. DENSO wants to transform it with the help of microwaves in organic fuel.drei breeding ponds will start mass production of the species of algae Pseudochoricystis ellipsoidea. It produces an oil which is similar to light mineral oil by means of photosynthesis. DENSO wants to transform it with the help of microwaves in bio fuel.

Eco-friendly Material High-Tech Applications
Manufacture of organic bitumen: researchers mix micro-algae with water to a pulp and heat it to a maximum of 200 ° C under pressure. You then convert the oil-like liquid in organic bitumen.

In comparison to corn or sugar cane, in the algae, the researchers suspect an economical basis for biofuel because they grow faster. The Japanese automotive company Isuzu Motors has 2014 already taken a bus in operation, who is with algae diesel.

2. Algae used for eco-friendly road asphalt material

What French researcher at the Nante  University have found sounds quite unusual. From micro-algae an organic asphalt can produce, which is just as durable as classical pavement. This is how it works: scientists mix algae with water to a pulp and warm him up in a pressure tank on 200 ° C.

Eco-friendly Material High-Tech Applications
Microalgae absorb ammonia from organic waste in the laboratory.

This gives rise to an oil-like liquid that in so-called bitumen can be transformed – the gunk is embedded in the split. So far, it consists of crude oil. “Microalgae offer an attractive solution to protect the oil reserves”, the scientists believe.

3. Algae filter pollutants in agriculture

The cattle produces harmful emissions. Ammonia, which is free, when decomposing microorganisms urea and protein in feces of livestock is particularly problematic. It can interfere with the metabolism of trees and rot soils and waters. So what to do? The species of micro algae Chlamydomonas acidophila when inserting the filter, are convinced researchers of the Basque Institute of Neiker-Tecnallia.

In the laboratory, they were already successful: the algae absorb ammonia from organic waste and prevent from escaping into the atmosphere. To use as a filter, farmers could use the algae as food or material for biogas plants.

4. Algae are suitable as food for astronauts and

Algae are also excellent for space travel. Why? Because they are perfect food for astronauts on long-term mission with their valuable protein. At the same time, they are air freshener: micro-organisms absorb carbon dioxide from the air and convert it into oxygen during photosynthesis.

Eco-friendly Material High-Tech Applications
Prototype of a Photo-bio-reaktors in the Stuttgart University. Algae are planted as food source for long travels in the universe.

You could make is also in combination with hydrogen fuel cells convert in into electrical energy. 2018 want researchers of the University of Stuttgart the prototypes of a breeding facility for the international space station ISS send and to grow the spirulina blue algae.

5. Algae for ski

Skiing on the slope of the algae? Sounds weird, but not that unlikely. Researchers at the Technical University of Dresden have developed an algae called BioGlizz. It grows on a textile medium, which in turn lies on an absorbing foam layer. The soft algae are robust and at the same time deformable so that a slide on them is possible. Overnight, they could simply grow back in ski halls. But are ski enthusiasts can become friends with a green background? It’s in the stars.